- 1 ⑴How the blockchain will develop in 2021
- 2 2 What is the development trend of China’s blockchain in 2021
- 3 ⑶ Blockchain-related research reports, where can I find them
- 4 ⑷ Are you concerned about the two sessions? I heard that at least 20 provincial-level administrative regions have included “blockchain” in the 2021 government work report
- 5 ⑸ After the two sessions, the blockchain became popular, so what can the blockchain do? Is there a company specializing in this?
- 6 ⑹ Development status and prospect of blockchain technology
- 7 ⑺ Insurance Blockchain Research Report
⑴How the blockchain will develop in 2021
The blockchain will empower the development of the real economy. With the development of blockchain technology, its application scenarios have become more in-depth, from commodity traceability, judicial deposit, government affairs, supply chain finance, trade finance, and social welfare to industrial management, energy and power, data transactions, public resource transactions, digital identity, healthcare, etc. In the future, with the further development of blockchain technology, especially in terms of performance, scale, and security, its application scenarios will become more and more extensive.
1) The life cycle of the blockchain industry. Judging the development stage of the industry through the market growth rate, demand growth rate, product variety, number of competitors, entry barriers and exit barriers, technological changes, and user purchasing behaviors of the blockchain industry;
2) Region The market supply and demand in the blockchain industry is balanced. By judging the supply and demand balance of the industry through the supply, demand and import and export conditions of the blockchain industry, in order to grasp the degree of market saturation in the industry;
3) The competition pattern of the blockchain industry. Through the analysis of the bargaining power of suppliers in the blockchain industry, the bargaining power of buyers, the ability of potential competitors to enter, the substitution ability of substitutes, and the current competitiveness of competitors in the industry, master the five factors that determine the level of industry profits. A kind of force;
4) The economic operation of the blockchain industry. Mainly for data analysis, including the number of competing enterprises in the blockchain industry, the number of employees, total industrial output value, sales output value, export value, finished products, sales revenue, total profit, assets, liabilities, industry growth capacity, profitability, compensation Debt capacity and operational capacity.
5) The main players in the blockchain industry market competition. Including the company’s products, business conditions (BCG), financial conditions, competitive strategies, market share, competitiveness (swot analysis) analysis, etc.
6) Analysis of investment, financing and mergers and acquisitions. Including investment and financing project analysis, M&A analysis, investment area, investment return, investment structure, etc.
7) Marketing in the blockchain industry. Including marketing concept, marketing mode, marketing strategy, channel structure, product strategy, etc.
Lianqiao Education Online’s Xueshuo Innovation Blockchain Technology Workstation is the only approved “blockchain technology major” pilot project carried out by the School Planning and Construction Development Center of the Ministry of Education of China. workstation. The professional station is based on providing students with diversified growth paths, promotes the reform of the combination of professional degree research, production, study and research, and builds an applied and compound talent training system.
2 What is the development trend of China’s blockchain in 2021
Looking forward to 2021, the top-level design of my country’s blockchain will be further improved, and the application standards of various industries will be gradually established, and the development direction will be from Technology leads into market penetration; blockchain integration applications have begun to be implemented in many fields such as finance, supply chain, and government affairs, and the industrial scale will show rapid growth. However, there are still many problems facing the development of blockchain in my country, which still need to be focused on and solved or alleviated in 2021. For example, the independent innovation capability of core technologies still needs to be further strengthened, security issues and talent gaps need to be improved urgently, and integrated applications Scenarios still need to be explored in depth. Therefore, CCID Research Institute proposes to speed up the construction of the blockchain ecosystem, improve standards and regulations, improve the supervision system, strengthen the independent innovation capability of core technologies, promote the coordinated development of blockchain and other new technologies, and vigorously cultivate professional talents to achieve The healthy development of the blockchain industry.
E-Baoquan has been committed to the research and development of blockchain and independent innovation of its application since 2014. It is a blockchain electronic company that has maturely used blockchain technology to solidify and store electronic data and has been recognized by the judicial authorities. Data storage and security agency. Through the pioneering model of “blockchain + judicial + application”, with blockchain technology as the underlying technology and electronic data preservation as the basis, intellectual property protection (microcopyright), electronic contract signing (gentleman’s signature), Internet Notary system (Zhongzhengbao) has three application layer brands.
E-Baoquan Joint Notary Office, Arbitration Commission, Copyright Protection Center, CA agencies, etc. jointly launched the “Baoquan Chain” open platform. At the same time, it has connected with the Guangzhou Internet Court and the judicial chain involving more than 30 courts led by the Supreme People’s Court. Continuously improving the “blockchain + justice” ecosystem, eBaoquan can provide one-stop blockchain security services such as evidence collection, depository, and issuance for different groups.
At present, it has obtained 15 independent invention patents, 27 copyrights, ISO 27001 information security system certification, third-level certification of the Ministry of Public Security, national double-high enterprise, and 2018 National Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Industrial Internet Pilot Demonstration Project (the only one Blockchain selected projects), and the first batch of domestic blockchain information service filing companies in the State Internet Information Office in 2019.
Can be.��Direct online search, and online libraries should also be available. If you want to see more complete data, you can download CVSource’s winning data. There is a research report database, in addition to the blockchain, there are others, but it seems that you can’t download it.
⑷ Are you concerned about the two sessions? I heard that at least 20 provincial-level administrative regions have included “blockchain” in the 2021 government work report
Not surprisingly, it is actively promoted in various cities Under the development strategy of “smart city” and “city brain”, the integration of blockchain technology has become a new trend, and the huge application value of blockchain is constantly emerging. As far as I know, Hangzhou’s FunChain Technology has been developing blockchain for many years, and has related strategic cooperation with Yunnan, Chongqing, Shanghai, Xiong’an New Area and other regions.
⑸ After the two sessions, the blockchain became popular, so what can the blockchain do? Is there a company specializing in this?
This year’s two sessions, many provinces will use the blockchain Incorporated into the local “14th Five-Year Plan”, it can be seen that the role of this blockchain is still very large. It is understood that blockchain is currently used in many industries such as government affairs, finance, supply chain, energy, chemical industry, agriculture, medicine and medical care, automobiles, intellectual property, etc. It can be said to be one of the core technology engines of new infrastructure.
Let’s say one of the easiest to understand. Don’t we all advocate garbage sorting now? In order to better promote the implementation of the garbage classification policy and effectively improve the happiness of residents, Hangzhou Qulian Technology Co., Ltd. and Xi’an Sykes Internet of Things Co., Ltd. have developed the first “Qulian Smart Garbage” based on “blockchain + AIoT” technology in China. Classification System”. This system has been implemented in many communities and industrial parks such as “Xinhu Shangri-La”, “Xinhu Film” and “Cloud Fox Science and Technology Park” in Hangzhou, and has been widely praised.
⑹ Development status and prospect of blockchain technology
Development status and prospect of blockchain technology
Blockchain technology originated in 2008 by the pseudonym “Nakamoto”. The groundbreaking paper “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System” published by a scholar of Satoshi Nakamoto on the cryptography mailing group. In the past two years, the research and application of blockchain technology has shown an explosive growth trend. It is considered to be the fifth subversive innovation of the computing paradigm after mainframes, personal computers, the Internet, and mobile/social networks. It is the evolution of human credit. It is the fourth milestone in history after blood kinship credit, precious metal credit, and central bank banknote credit. Blockchain technology is the prototype of the next generation of cloud computing, which is expected to completely reshape the form of human social activities like the Internet, and realize the transformation from the current information Internet to the value Internet. The technical characteristics of blockchain
Blockchain has the characteristics of decentralization, time series data, collective maintenance, programmability, security and trustworthiness. Decentralization: The processes of verification, bookkeeping, storage, maintenance and transmission of blockchain data are all based on the distributed system structure, and pure mathematical methods are used instead of central institutions to establish trust relationships between distributed nodes, thereby forming a decentralized system. Centralized and trusted distributed system; Time series data: The blockchain uses a chain block structure with timestamps to store data, which adds a time dimension to the data and has strong verifiability and traceability; Collective maintenance: The blockchain system adopts a specific economic incentive mechanism to ensure that all nodes in the distributed system can participate in the verification process of data blocks (such as the “mining” process of Bitcoin), and select specific Nodes add new blocks to the blockchain; Programmable: Blockchain technology can provide a flexible script code system that supports users to create advanced smart contracts, currencies or other decentralized applications; Secure and trustworthy: Blockchain technology adopts The principle of asymmetric cryptography encrypts data, and at the same time, it uses the powerful computing power formed by consensus algorithms such as workload proof of each node of the distributed system to resist external attacks and ensure that blockchain data cannot be tampered or forged. safety. Blockchain and Bitcoin Bitcoin is by far the most successful blockchain application scenario. Blockchain technology solves the double payment problem and the Byzantine general problem that the Bitcoin system has to face for a long time in the field of digital cryptocurrencies. Different from the credit endorsement mechanism of traditional central institutions (such as central banks), the Bitcoin blockchain forms software-defined credit, which marks a fundamental change from centralized national credit to decentralized algorithmic credit. In recent years, by virtue of its first-mover advantage, Bitcoin has formed a complete ecosystem and industrial chain covering issuance, circulation and financial derivatives markets. The development context and trend of blockchain
Blockchain technology is a universal underlying technical framework, which canIt has brought profound changes to various fields such as finance, economy, technology and even politics. According to the current development of blockchain technology, blockchain technology will experience the blockchain 1.0 mode with programmable digital encryption system as the main feature, the blockchain 2.0 mode with programmable financial system as the main feature and the The blockchain 3.0 model with programmable society as the main feature. However, the above models are actually developed in parallel rather than evolutionarily, and the digital cryptocurrency system of the blockchain 1.0 model is still far from mature, and is actually farther and more difficult from its vision of global monetary integration. At present, the blockchain field has shown a clear development trend driven by technological and industrial innovation, and related academic research is seriously lagging behind and needs to be followed up urgently. The basic model and key technology of blockchain
Generally speaking, the blockchain system consists of data layer, network layer, consensus layer, incentive layer, contract layer and application layer. Among them, the data layer encapsulates the underlying data blocks and related data encryption and timestamping technologies; the network layer includes distributed networking mechanisms, data dissemination mechanisms, and data verification mechanisms; the consensus layer mainly encapsulates various consensuses of network nodes Algorithms; the incentive layer integrates economic factors into the blockchain technology system, mainly including the issuance mechanism and distribution mechanism of economic incentives; the contract layer mainly encapsulates various scripts, algorithms and smart contracts, which are programmable features of the blockchain. The application layer encapsulates various application scenarios and cases of the blockchain. In this model, the timestamp-based chain block structure, the consensus mechanism of distributed nodes, the economic incentives based on consensus computing power, and flexible and programmable smart contracts are the most representative innovations of blockchain technology. Application Scenarios of Blockchain Technology
Blockchain technology can not only be successfully applied in the field of digital cryptocurrency, but also has a wide range of application scenarios in economic, financial and social systems. According to the current status of the application of blockchain technology, this paper generally summarizes the current main applications of blockchain into six scenarios: digital currency, data storage, data authentication, financial transactions, asset management and election voting: Digital currency: Bitcoin As a representative, it is essentially a digital currency generated by a distributed network system, and its issuance process does not depend on a specific centralized institution. Data storage: The characteristics of high redundancy storage, decentralization, high security and privacy protection of blockchain make it especially suitable for storing and protecting important privacy data to avoid the damage caused by the attack of centralized institutions or improper rights management. Massive data loss or breach. Data Attestation: Blockchain data is time-stamped, verified and recorded by consensus nodes, and cannot be tampered with or forged. These characteristics make the blockchain widely used in various data notarization and auditing scenarios. For example, blockchain can permanently and securely store various licenses, registration forms, licenses, certifications, certifications and records issued by government agencies. Financial transactions: Blockchain technology and financial market applications have a very high degree of fit. The blockchain can spontaneously generate credit in a decentralized system, and can establish a financial market without central institutional credit endorsement, thus realizing “financial disintermediation” to a large extent; at the same time, the use of blockchain to automate smart contracts and The characteristics of programming can greatly reduce costs and improve efficiency. Asset management: Blockchain enables the identification, authorization and real-time monitoring of tangible and intangible assets. Intangible asset management has been widely used in intellectual property protection, domain name management, point management and other fields; tangible asset management can be combined with IoT technology to form “digital intelligent assets” to achieve distributed authorization and control based on blockchain. Election voting: The blockchain can realize political elections, corporate shareholder voting and other applications in a low-cost and efficient manner. At the same time, based on voting, it can be widely used in fields such as gambling, prediction markets, and social manufacturing. Existing Issues with Blockchain Technology
Security threats are by far the most important issue facing blockchains. Among them, the blockchain based on the PoW consensus process mainly faces the problem of 51% attack, that is, nodes can successfully tamper and forge blockchain data by mastering more than 51% of the computing power of the entire network. Other issues include the potential threat of emerging computing technologies to break asymmetric encryption mechanisms and privacy protection issues. The efficiency of blockchain is also an important factor restricting its application. The blockchain requires each node in the system to keep a data backup, which is extremely difficult for the growing mass data storage. While lightweight nodes can partially solve this problem, industrial-grade solutions suitable for larger scales remain to be developed. Currently, the Bitcoin blockchain can only process 7 transactions per second, and the transaction confirmation time is generally 10 minutes, which greatly limits the application of the blockchain in high-frequency trading scenarios in most financial systems. The PoW consensus process is highly dependent on the blockchain network.�The computing power contributed by nodes, these computing power are mainly used to solve SHA256 hash and random number search, other than that do not produce any actual social value, so in general, these computing power resources are considered to be “wasted”. , and a lot of power resources are wasted at the same time. How to effectively pool the network computing power of distributed nodes to solve practical problems is an important problem that blockchain technology needs to solve. As a decentralized distributed system, the blockchain network will inevitably have a game relationship of mutual competition and cooperation in the interaction process of each node, such as the block interception attack game of the Bitcoin mining pool. The blockchain consensus process is essentially a crowdsourcing process. How to design an incentive-compatible consensus mechanism so that self-interested nodes in the decentralized system can spontaneously perform the verification and accounting of block data, and improve the non-profitability in the system. The cost of rational behavior to suppress security attacks and threats is an important scientific problem to be solved by blockchain. Smart contracts and blockchain technology
Smart contracts are a set of scenario-response programming rules and logic, and are decentralized, trusted and shared program codes deployed on the blockchain. Usually, after the smart contract is signed by all parties, it is attached to the blockchain data (such as a bitcoin transaction) in the form of program code, and is recorded in a specific block of the blockchain after being propagated through the P2P network and verified by nodes. . Smart contracts encapsulate a number of predefined states and transition rules, scenarios that trigger contract execution (such as reaching a specific time or occurrence of a specific event, etc.), and response actions in specific scenarios. The blockchain can monitor the status of smart contracts in real time, and activate and execute contracts by checking external data sources and confirming that certain trigger conditions are met. Smart contracts are of great significance to blockchain technology. On the one hand, smart contracts are the activators of the blockchain, which endow the static underlying blockchain data with flexible and programmable mechanisms and algorithms, and lay the foundation for the construction of programmable financial systems and social systems in the blockchain 2.0 and 3.0 eras. On the other hand, the automation and programmability of smart contracts make it possible to encapsulate the complex behavior of each node in the distributed blockchain system and become a software agent robot in the virtual world composed of blockchain, which helps Promote the application of blockchain technology in various distributed artificial intelligence systems, so that various decentralized applications (Decentralized application, Dapp), Decentralized Autonomous Organization (Decentralized Autonomous Organization, DAO), Decentralized Autonomous Corporation (DAC) and even Decentralized Autonomous Society (DAS) are possible. The main development trend of blockchain and smart contract technology is the evolution from automation to intelligence. The essential logic of various existing smart contracts and their applications is still based on the “IF-THEN” type of conditional response rules of predefined scenarios, which can meet the current needs of automated transactions and data processing. Future smart contracts should have the functions of “WHAT-IF” deduction based on unknown scenarios, computational experiments and a certain degree of autonomous decision-making, so as to realize the leap from the current “automatic” contract to the real “smart” contract. Blockchain-driven parallel society
In recent years, a parallel society based on CPSS (Cyber-Physical-SocialSystems) has emerged, and its core and essential features are virtual-real interaction and parallel evolution. Blockchain is one of the infrastructures to realize the parallel society of CPSS. Its main contribution is to provide a set of effective decentralized data structures, interaction mechanisms and computing models for distributed social systems and distributed artificial intelligence research. And it has laid a solid data foundation and credit foundation for the realization of a parallel society. As far as the basis of data is concerned, management scientist Edward Deming once said: Everyone except God must speak with data. However, in a centralized social system, data is usually in the hands of “a few people” such as the government and large enterprises, and “speaks” for a few people, and its fairness, authority, and even security may not be guaranteed. Blockchain data is stored in highly redundant distributed nodes and is in the hands of “everyone”, enabling true “data democracy”. As far as the credit basis is concerned, a centralized social system will inevitably have the characteristics of a “Mertonian system” due to its high engineering complexity and social complexity, that is, uncertainty, diversity and complexity, the center of the social system. Institutions and rule makers may have untrustworthy behaviors due to individual interests; blockchain technology helps to realize software-defined social systems. The basic idea is to eliminate centralized institutions and convert unpredictable behaviors into smart contracts. Program code The form is deployed and solidified in the blockchain data in advance, which cannot be forged and tampered with and can be automatically executed afterwards.�Therefore, to a certain extent, the “Mertonian” social system can be transformed into a “Newtonian” social system that can be comprehensively observed, actively controlled, and accurately predicted. ACP (Artificial Societies, Computational Experiments and Parallel Execution) method is the only systematic and complete research framework in the field of parallel society management so far. Innovation. The ACP method can be naturally combined with blockchain technology to achieve blockchain-driven parallel social management. First of all, the mechanisms of blockchain’s P2P networking, distributed consensus collaboration, and contribution-based economic incentives are themselves natural modeling of distributed social systems, in which each node will act as an autonomous and autonomous system in the distributed system. Agent. With the improvement of the blockchain ecosystem, the consensus nodes of the blockchain and increasingly complex and autonomous smart contracts will form DACs and DAOs in specific organizational forms by participating in various forms of Dapps, and finally form DAS, that is, in ACP. artificial society. Secondly, the programmable nature of smart contracts enables the blockchain to carry out various “WHAT-IF” types of virtual experiment design, scenario deduction and result evaluation, and through this computational experiment process, optimal decisions are obtained and automatically or semi-automatically executed. Finally, the intelligent assets formed by the combination of blockchain and the Internet of Things make it possible to connect the real physical world and virtual cyberspace, and realize the collaborative optimization of social management and decision-making through the virtual-real interaction and parallel tuning of real and artificial social systems. It is not difficult to foresee that in the future, when all physical assets in the real physical world are registered as smart assets on the chain, it will be the arrival of a parallel society driven by blockchain.
⑺ Insurance Blockchain Research Report
Although the application of blockchain technology in the insurance industry is mostly in the stage of technical verification, the rapid development of application scenarios already indicates that the technology will give Transformative impact on the insurance industry. Some IT giants such as Microsoft, IBM, Oracle, Alibaba, Tencent, etc. have begun to deploy in the field of blockchain, and some have even launched products or services based on blockchain technology.
According to the “In-depth Analysis Report on Business Model Innovation and Investment Opportunities in China’s Blockchain Industry” by the Prospective Industry Research Institute, the current application of blockchain in the insurance industry at home and abroad mainly includes the following categories: The first category is the use area In the case of data scattered in multiple points, blockchain technology completes insurance contracts according to established rules when a certain condition is triggered, such as flight delay insurance, unemployment insurance, etc.; the second category is the field of reinsurance and co-insurance. When the transaction matching and settlement of the co-insurance business, the blockchain is used to enhance the efficiency and transparency of the transaction and settlement; the third type is used to track the production/growth process of the commodity, and the traceability of the blockchain is used for tracking. The farming process of agricultural products or the production and circulation of valuables.
In the long run, the application of blockchain in the insurance industry is very likely to bring about revolutionary and subversive changes due to its broad development prospects and numerous business convergence points.
Extended reading: [Insurance] How to buy, which one is better, and teach you how to avoid these “pits” of insurance