- 1 (1) Is the content stored in each block of the blockchain the same? If not, what if a block of the blockchain is broken.
- 2 2 How much does it cost to register a blockchain company
- 3 3 What is the China Blockchain Network?
- 4 ⑷ Blockchain Is it illegal or not?
- 5 ⑸ Is the blockchain a pyramid scheme? Is the blockchain a disguised pyramid scheme?
- 6 (5) Blockchain Poverty Alleviation Office Extended Reading:
- 7 ⑹ What are the application areas of blockchain
- 8 ⑺ How to use the blockchain in the end
(1) Is the content stored in each block of the blockchain the same? If not, what if a block of the blockchain is broken.
The information of each block of the blockchain is different, and the time and recorded data of each block are different. You can think of the blockchain as an accounting book. Every once in a while, someone will write all the transaction information on the blockchain network into one page of the ledger, page by page, and record the areas in sequence according to time. All transactions on the blockchain network.
On the other hand, all nodes participating in the network (computers in short) will store a copy of this ledger and update it in real time. Even if one node fails, it will not affect the blockchain.
2 How much does it cost to register a blockchain company
To register a company, you need to prepare the appropriate company name, registered address, business scope, qualified legal person, etc.
The main process of registering a company (Beijing area):
The first step: apply for pre-approval of the company name. Fill in the “Name (Change) Pre-Approval Application Form”, prepare relevant materials at the same time, submit the “Name (Change) Pre-Approval Application Form” and related materials to the affiliated industry and commerce authority, and fill in the name application through the online registration service system of the Beijing Administration for Industry and Commerce. , or wait for the name approval result;
Step 2: Get the “Notice of Pre-Approval of Name”, and at the same time get the “Registration Application” and other relevant forms; if the business scope involves pre-licensing, relevant approvals are required
Step 3: Submit the application materials and receive the “Notice of Approval for Establishment Registration” or “Notice of Acceptance of Registration”;
Step 4: Go to the Industry and Commerce Bureau to obtain a business license . In addition, after obtaining the business license, it is generally necessary to go through the follow-up procedures such as seal engraving.
3 What is the China Blockchain Network?
China Blockchain Network is a large-scale comprehensive media organization officially approved by the relevant state departments to release financial and economic information. The network was jointly organized by China Enterprise News Observation Network in 2012 with 28 financial institutions, 36 colleges and universities, 200 business associations and more than 100 world-renowned media around the world. It is now hosted by Zhongcheng Culture Media Co., Ltd. Blockchain Portal.
China Blockchain Network adheres to the network policy of “overview the blockchain situation, gather blockchain business strategies, disseminate blockchain hotspot information, and demonstrate the rich value of blockchain”, relying on the world Authoritative organizations (China Socio-Economic Decision Advisory Committee, China Socio-Economic Decision Advisory Center, China Market Research Center, and China Market Research Center) conduct research, judgment and decision-making on blockchain, and the operating agencies cooperate with the People’s Bank of China, the China Banking Regulatory Commission, the China Securities Regulatory Commission, and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission. , Top 10 Commercial Banks, Top 10 Law Firms, Top 10 Accounting Firms, Top 10 Intellectual Property Companies, China Professional Credit Platform and more than 100 Internet and Financial Research Institutions Platforms from Relevant State Ministries and Commissions, attracting 200 key international and domestic institutions The authoritative opinions of 650 well-known experts and scholars in the college, and the first-line information provided by more than 2,000 outstanding editors and 500 national Internet technology backbone special writers. Its authoritative, forward-looking, comprehensive, strategic, authenticity and practicality have been recognized by the global market, making China Blockchain Network unique in the global blockchain field.
Opened by China Blockchain Network
China Blockchain Network is a large-scale comprehensive media organization officially approved by relevant state departments to release financial and economic information. The network is run by Chinese enterprises News Observation Network was jointly organized by 28 financial institutions, 36 colleges and universities, 200 business associations and more than 100 world-renowned media around the world in 2012. It is now hosted by Zhongcheng Culture Media Co., Ltd. and is the world’s largest blockchain portal website. .
China Blockchain Network adheres to the network policy of “overview the blockchain situation, gather blockchain business strategies, disseminate blockchain hotspot information, and demonstrate the rich value of blockchain”, relying on The world authoritative organizations (China Socio-Economic Decision Advisory Committee, China Socio-Economic Decision Advisory Center, China Market Research Center and China Market Research Center) conduct research, judgment and decision-making on the blockchain. Cooperation with the China Insurance Regulatory Commission, the top ten commercial banks, the top ten law firms, the top ten accounting firms, the top ten intellectual property companies, the China Professional Credit Platform and more than 100 Internet and financial research institutions from relevant national ministries and commissions, attracting 200 international and domestic institutions The authoritative opinions of 650 well-known experts and scholars in key universities, and the first-line information provided by more than 2,000 outstanding editors and 500 national Internet technology backbone special writers. It is authoritative, forward-looking, comprehensive and strategic. , authenticity and practicability have been recognized by the global market, making China Blockchain Network unique in the global blockchain field.flag.
China’s blockchain network opened “Things Network, Chain Weekly, Chain Research News, Finance, News, Banking, Legal System, Securities, Futures, Finance, Finance, Intellectual Property, Digital Currency, Wealth Management , Credit, Culture” and other key columns are world-renowned. All kinds of dynamic information broadcast every day are directly connected to all financial institutions and central banks, China Banking Regulatory Commission, China Insurance Regulatory Commission, China Securities Regulatory Commission and various commercial banks, Internet of Things companies, law firms, wealth management companies, etc. ties and bridges.
The major events such as “China Small and Medium-Sized Investment Development Forum” and “International Cultural Industry Investment Fair” hosted and co-organized by China Blockchain Network are well-known at home and abroad.
The purpose of China Blockchain Network is to connect with the world, serve the world, run the network with integrity, and keep pace with the world.
Finance, news, banking, legal system, securities, futures, marketing, wealth management, culture and other key columns are world-renowned. All kinds of dynamic information broadcast daily are directly connected to financial institutions around the world and central banks, China Banking Regulatory Commission, China Insurance Regulatory Commission, China Securities Regulatory Commission As well as commercial banks, policy banks, joint-stock banks, and rural credit cooperatives, it is the link and bridge for communication and cooperation between blockchain and all sectors of society.
The “China Blockchain Network” hosted and co-organized by China Blockchain Network Major events such as Small and Medium-sized Cut Investment Development Forum” and “International Cultural Industry Investment Fair” are well-known at home and abroad.
The purpose of China Blockchain Network: to connect with the world, serve the world, run the network with integrity, and keep pace with the world .
China Blockchain Network: The Global Blockchain Leader
China Blockchain Network: The World’s Largest Blockchain Information Exchange Platform
⑷ Blockchain Is it illegal or not?
Blockchain itself is not illegal, but if it is illegally used, it is illegal.
Li Bin, deputy director of Chongqing Big Data Application Development Administration, said that blockchain as big data A disruptive innovative cutting-edge technology in the field of intelligence, the Chongqing Municipal Government attaches great importance to the active layout. The Municipal Government and the Yuzhong District Government jointly build a blockchain base. “Opinions”, officially launched the construction of the blockchain strategic innovation land.
While actively encouraging the technological progress and industrial development of the blockchain, it will also resolutely prohibit the zone in accordance with the requirements of relevant national policies. Illegal and illegal use of blockchain technology.
At present, China’s blockchain technology and applications continue to innovate, and are gradually applied in supply chain finance, credit reporting, product traceability and other fields, with huge development space. In order to achieve large-scale practical application of new technology and blockchain, it is necessary to strengthen the cooperation of industry, academia, research and application, and promote the continuous development and maturity of technology and applications.
Since 2017, blockchain The development of technology has aroused in-depth attention from the government, enterprises and other circles, and the blockchain attracts investors to invest in this new technology field because of its decentralization, non-tampering, and traceability. With the popularity of the blockchain industry, the cognition of the IT and investment circles has become increasingly rational.
(4) Blockchain Poverty Alleviation Office Extended Reading
“Blockchain” Information Service Management Regulations (Draft for Comment)”
Article 9 Blockchain information service providers and users shall not use blockchain information services to endanger national security, disrupt social order, or infringe upon the legitimate rights and interests of others and other activities prohibited by laws and regulations, and shall not use blockchain information services to produce, copy, publish, and disseminate information content prohibited by laws and regulations.
Article 13 Blockchain information service providers shall be responsible for violating laws and regulations. Users of blockchain information services in accordance with regulations and service agreements shall, as appropriate, take measures such as warnings, restrict functions, and close accounts to eliminate illegal and illegal information in a timely manner. Prevent the spread of information, keep relevant records, and report to the relevant authorities.
Article 18 If the blockchain information service provider violates the provisions of Article 9 of these regulations and produces, reproduces, publishes, and disseminates information content prohibited by laws and regulations and relevant national regulations, the state and the province shall , autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government Internet Information Offices will give warnings in accordance with the law, and order corrections within a time limit;
If the circumstances are serious or refuse to make corrections, order to suspend services and impose a fine of not less than 5,000 yuan but not more than 30,000 yuan until it is transferred to the relevant departments Shut down services by law. Constitute a crime, be held criminally responsible.
Blockchain information service users who violate the provisions of Article 9 of these regulations by producing, copying, publishing, and disseminating information content prohibited by laws and regulations and relevant national regulations shall be subject to the regulations of the state, provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government. The Internet Information Office shall deal with it in accordance with the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations.
Article 19 If a blockchain information service provider violates the provisions of Article 6 of these regulations and fails to indicate its record number on its online platform, the Internet Information Office of the country, province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under the Central Government shall ��� According to their duties, they are ordered to make corrections within a time limit, and those who refuse to make corrections shall be given a warning and imposed a fine of not less than 5,000 yuan but not more than 10,000 yuan.
Article 20 If the blockchain information service provider violates the provisions of Article 4, paragraph 1 of these provisions, and fails to perform the filing procedures in accordance with these provisions, the Internet Information Office of the country, province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under the Central Government shall be Those who refuse to make corrections or the circumstances are serious shall be given a warning and imposed a fine of not less than 10,000 yuan but not more than 30,000 yuan.
Article 21: If the blockchain information service provided by the blockchain information service provider has potential information security risks, the Internet Information Office of the country, province, autonomous region or municipality directly under the Central Government shall order it to rectify within a time limit and suspend it according to its duties. Services, until the rectification and compliance with relevant laws and regulations and the relevant requirements of national mandatory standards can continue to provide information services.
Blockchain information service providers violate the provisions of Article 4, paragraph 2, Article 8, Article 11, Article 12, Article 15, and Article 16 of these regulations. , the national and local Internet Information Offices will give warnings according to their duties, and order them to make corrections within a time limit; if the circumstances are serious or refuse to make corrections, order to suspend services and impose a fine of not less than 5,000 yuan but not more than 30,000 yuan; if a crime is constituted, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
If the blockchain information service provider violates the provisions of Articles 10, 13 and 14 of these regulations, the Internet Information Office of the state, province, autonomous region and municipality directly under the Central Government shall shall be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of the Cybersecurity Law.
⑸ Is the blockchain a pyramid scheme? Is the blockchain a disguised pyramid scheme?
Blockchain is a new technology, not a disguised pyramid scheme. Chain”, in fact, does not have any technology, it is just a real pyramid scheme in the name of “blockchain”, and the state has issued announcements many times to crack down on such pyramid schemes. The following is Xinhuanet’s report on blockchain pyramid schemes:
Blockchain is not equal to virtual currency, and there are also security risks. Only by removing the gaudy can the blockchain return to its true application value.
The investment of 80,000 yuan will become 800,000 yuan after three months? Shenzhen police cracked a huge fund-raising fraud case. Under the guise of the blockchain concept and 10 times the income, thousands of investors were deeply involved, and the amount involved was as high as 307 million yuan. Under the “mysterious veil” of the blockchain, criminals have taken advantage of their crooked brains, and the blockchain has become a “signboard” for economic crimes such as fraud and pyramid schemes.
Why has the blockchain been repeatedly “used crookedly” by illegal acts such as pyramid schemes? In addition to “unknown”, what is the “function” of blockchain technology itself? Since the beginning of this year, with the strengthening of supervision, the cooling down of currency speculation has brought new opportunities for the development of blockchain. How is the implementation of blockchain commercial “applications”? “Lookout” Newsweek reporter recently conducted an investigation.
When the three-month “fund release period” promised by the trading platform expired and the staff began to “kick people” in the QQ group, Tang Haiyan, who lives in Bao’an District, Shenzhen, realized that she might have been deceived .
Previously, under the introduction of her classmates, Tang Haiyan invested 80,000 yuan to buy a virtual currency called “Public Silver Coins”. “The other party said that this currency is the most advanced blockchain technology at present, with Tibetan tea as collateral, and also showed me the ‘technical white paper’. I don’t understand blockchain, so I didn’t read it carefully.”
Although I don’t know much about blockchain and virtual currency, the high investment income makes Tang Haiyan full of expectations. She told reporters that the company issuing the “Plain Silver Coin” will regularly split the virtual currency at a ratio of 1 to 10, which means that each split will increase the value of the “Plain Silver Coin” in the hands of investors by 10 times. . As long as it is split once, the 80,000 yuan she invests is equivalent to buying 800,000 yuan worth of “general silver coins”, and she can get huge profits by selling it on the trading platform.
According to the rules of the trading platform, the “Public Silver Coins” just purchased cannot be traded immediately, and must be frozen on the platform for three months before ushering in the “release period”. However, when three months passed, Tang Haiyan not only did not wait for the doubled assets, but also the 80,000 yuan frozen on the platform could not be used for transactions.
“Other investors began to question the authenticity of the investment in the QQ group, and as a result, the staff of the company kicked out these investors one by one. I feel bad,” she said.
The fact also proved Tang Haiyan’s intuition. At the end of March 2018, Shenzhen police detected a huge fund-raising fraud case with a total of 307 million yuan in fraudulent funds. In this case, the Shenzhen Puyin Blockchain Group Co., Ltd. was involved in issuing virtual currency in the model of “blockchain + Tibetan tea” to extract public deposits. Tang Haiyan was one of the thousands of victims. .
Shenzhen police found that,The company claims that investors can buy and sell “Public Silver Coins” on the virtual trading platform “Jubi.com” to earn the price difference
. In fact, the change in its buying and selling price is that the company used investors’ investment funds for behind-the-scenes operations, and once raised the price of “Public Silver Coins” from 0.5 yuan to 10 yuan, allowing investors to taste some sweetness. When a large number of investors entered the market, the company continuously cashed out by maliciously manipulating the price trend of “Public Silver Coin”, which eventually made the “Plain Silver Coin” in the hands of investors worthless.
Since 2018, fraud and pyramid schemes under the banner of blockchain have become a common “routine” in new criminal methods. In April 2018, Jinan police took down a pyramid selling gang under the guise of “Western Development”, “National Poverty Alleviation”, “Original Shares”, “Blockchain” and “E-commerce”, arrested more than ten main suspects, and froze the cases involved. There were more than 100 accounts and more than 300 million yuan of funds involved in the case were seized.
Jinan police introduced that Huileyi e-commerce company designed fake virtual disks on the Internet on the grounds that the country is vigorously developing the big data industry, and released so-called “treasure coins” and “precious coins” and other virtual currencies.
In the guise of gifting, they first presented a certain amount of virtual currency to the newly joined MLM salesperson, each priced at a few dozen yuan, and then through artificial manipulation to increase the value of the virtual currency all the way to more than 100 yuan or even several hundred yuan Yuan, attracting people who do not know the truth to join, and finally “cut leeks” through the cyclical fluctuations of the so-called “depreciation” of virtual currency, and it goes on and on, and finally achieves the purpose of seeking illegal benefits.
In Xi’an, the local police also successfully cracked a massive online pyramid scheme under the banner of blockchain. According to the police, the criminal suspect, Zheng Mou, organized 9 people, including Zhang Mou and Li Mou, who were the administrators of the network platform with high salary. Sell virtual “Datang Coins” on the “Consumption Era” online platform and manipulate the appreciation rate;
At the same time, promotion conferences are held in many cities at home and abroad to attract members, and according to the development of members and offline conditions, set 28-level agency in charge, in just 18 days, the gang has developed a total of more than 13,000 registered members. At present, it has been found that the case involves 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions across the country, and the funds involved are as high as 86 million yuan.
The “Tencent 2017 MLM Situational Awareness White Paper” released by the Tencent Security Joint Lab stated that recently, various types of overseas funds, virtual currency, ICO (the initial public offering of tokens for blockchain projects) Financing) projects emerge in an endless stream, which hides many risks such as illegal issuance, false projects, cross-border money laundering, fraud, pyramid schemes, etc., resulting in a large amount of funds flowing abroad. Once it crashes, runs away or loses contact, investors often have nowhere to complain and make losses difficult recover. Such as Baichuan Coin, Mark Coin, Beta Coin, Dark Coin, etc.
Reporters of “Lookout” News Weekly interviewed in Guangdong, Shandong, Shanghai and other places and learned that most people know that the concept of blockchain is very popular, but “what is unclear” is about the specific functions of the blockchain. There are different opinions: some people think that it is used for “investment and wealth management” and “trading currency”, while others think it is “a major invention of the same magnitude as the steam engine”, and some entrepreneurs are even more eager to seize this “once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to get rich”.
Many industry insiders said that it is precisely because there are many misunderstandings in people’s understanding of the blockchain that criminals have opportunities to mislead investors in troubled waters.
First, blockchain is not equal to virtual currency. By the end of last year, the number of domestic ICO participants and the total number of transactions had doubled, a large number of digital currency exchanges fled overseas, and the proxy investment model involved more ordinary people in high-risk investments.
Many industry self-media, well-known celebrities have formed interest alliances with issuers, digital exchanges, etc., to endorse and create public opinion for the “Air Coin” project platform. In December last year, nine departments including the People’s Bank of China characterized ICOs as “suspected of illegal fundraising, financial fraud, pyramid schemes and other illegal and criminal activities”.
In the interview, many people told our reporter that the existence of tokens has built a set of rights and interests mechanism for the development of blockchain technology, and this mechanism is indispensable for stimulating the prosperity of blockchain applications. of. “The market practice in the past five years has proved that the application of blockchain without an equity mechanism is like a computer without Internet access and a market economy without currency. The application scenarios and development speed are greatly reduced,” said an investor in Shanghai. .
Actually, the token represented by Bitcoin is only one of the earliest products to verify the blockchain technology. The development of the chain has obvious negative effects.
At present, more and more people in the industry are beginning to think about whether the development of blockchain must rely on the issuance of tokens to achieve incentives. Beijing InternetGuo Dagang, secretary-general of the Financial Industry Association, told this reporter that the so-called incentive mechanism is only a theoretical basis for the project party to issue tokens for itself.
Second, the blockchain is not a panacea, and security is at risk. The blockchain is generally considered to have three functions:
First, the data stored on the blockchain cannot be tampered with or forged, and the data has high credibility and credibility; second, The whole process of the transaction can be traced to the source, which can realize the accurate tracking of responsibility; third, the smart contract embedded in the blockchain can be automatically executed based on the contract, thereby improving work efficiency and reducing the risk of default. The industry generally believes that blockchain has broad application prospects in finance, logistics, trade and other fields.
In fact, the blockchain is not a panacea, and its functions also have many limitations. It is generally believed that according to the characteristics of its cryptography, in order to tamper or forge on the blockchain, it is theoretically necessary to control more than 51% of the nodes. When there are enough nodes in the blockchain, this trust creation mechanism with widespread participation by the public is difficult to tamper with.
However, in reality, digital currency exchanges are frequently attacked or even stolen. On June 20, 2018, the South Korean Bithumb exchange announced on its official website that the exchange was attacked by hackers, and 35 billion won, or about $32 million, of cryptocurrency was stolen.
Ji Xinhua, known as China’s first generation of “hackers”, said that the blockchain will continue to face attacks, and the process of uploading data to the chain is prone to information leakage. Some people in the industry are also worried that once the super computing power of quantum computing is realized, it will also have a direct impact on the blockchain.
Third, the popularity of blockchain is not entirely true. The data shows that from the end of 2017 to the beginning of 2018, more than 300 self-media mainly focused on ICO projects appeared, which has become a noteworthy abnormal phenomenon.
(5) Blockchain Poverty Alleviation Office Extended Reading:
August 24, 2018, website of China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission A risk warning was issued to remind the general public to prevent illegal fundraising in the name of “virtual currency” and “blockchain”.
The original text is as follows:
“Risk Reminders on Preventing Illegal Fund Raising in the Name of “Virtual Currency” and “Blockchain””
China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission, Central Net The Information Office, the Ministry of Public Security, the People’s Bank of China, and the State Administration for Market Regulation remind:
Recently, some criminals under the banner of “financial innovation” and “blockchain” have issued so-called “virtual currencies” and “virtual assets”. “Digital assets” and other means to absorb funds, infringing the legitimate rights and interests of the public. Such activities are not really based on blockchain technology, but are hyping the concept of blockchain for illegal fund-raising, pyramid selling, and fraud. They mainly have the following characteristics:
First, network and cross-border are obvious. Relying on the Internet and chatting tools to conduct transactions, and using online payment tools to receive and pay funds, the risks have a wide range and spread quickly. Some criminals set up websites by renting overseas servers, essentially carrying out activities for domestic residents, and remotely controlling the implementation of illegal activities.
Some individuals claim in the chat tool group that they have obtained investment quotas for overseas high-quality blockchain projects and can invest on their behalf, which is most likely a fraudulent activity. Most of the funds for these illegal activities flow abroad, and it is very difficult to monitor and track them.
Second, it is deceptive, tempting, and concealed. Use hot concepts to hype, fabricate a wide range of “Tall Dashang” theories, and some also use celebrity V “platforms” to promote, using airdrops of “candy” as a temptation, claiming that “the value of the currency only rises and does not fall”, “the investment cycle is short, High return, low risk”, which is highly delusional.
In practice, criminals illegally make huge profits by manipulating the so-called virtual currency price trend behind the scenes, setting profit and withdrawal thresholds and other means. In addition, some lawbreakers also issue tokens under fancy names such as ICO, IFO, and IEO, or conduct virtual currency speculation in the IMO way under the banner of the sharing economy, which is highly concealed and confusing.
Third, there are a variety of illegal risks. Through publicity, criminals use “static income” (to make profits from the appreciation of currency speculation) and “dynamic income” (to develop offline profits) as bait to attract the public to invest funds, and lure investors to develop personnel to join, and constantly expand the capital pool , with the characteristics of illegal fundraising, pyramid selling, fraud and other illegal activities.
This kind of activity uses “financial innovation” as a gimmick, and is essentially a Ponzi scheme of “borrowing the new to repay the old”, and it is difficult to maintain the operation of funds for a long time. The general public is requested to view the blockchain rationally, do not blindly believe in hype promises, establish a correct currency concept and investment philosophy, and effectively improve risk awareness; if you find clues about illegal and criminal activities, you can actively report them to the relevant departments.
⑹ What are the application areas of blockchain
ASSET empowers global entity enterprises
Wall Street fund investment banks serve the world extensivelyThe real industry has been committed to the incubation of small and medium-sized enterprises, and has very scientific solutions to promote the rapid development of enterprises. ASSET is issued by the Wall Street Fund Investment Bank and circulates in the global real industry as a digital certificate. ASSET is based on blockchain technology. Open ecosystem. It is understood that ASSET has recently empowered the blockchain of global wine companies. The core concept is the integration of blockchain technology and the real economy. Through product traceability and evidence collection, it integrates the most comprehensive wine industry intelligence that can directly affect the profit and loss of the company. And market data, value distribution and transformation for alcohol manufacturers, suppliers, consumers, and potential consumers, subversively creating unprecedented impetus and unimaginable value returns for the industry.
⑺ How to use the blockchain in the end
Guizhou has released some standards, the quality model and key elements of the blockchain system, the implementation process of blockchain data asset transactions, regional The terminology and basic requirements of the implementation process of blockchain precision poverty alleviation, etc., blockchain applications have been implemented in many places, and our digital wallet is also an application of blockchain technology. Now blockchain applications have been implemented one after another, initiated by Changsha High-tech Zone Now there is a SMIC blockchain service platform project, which is a blockchain + public service model, and is recruiting companies to go on the chain.